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Safety Leading Indicators Resource Development for Workplace

By May 24, 2023No Comments
Safety Leading Indicators

Safety leading indicators provide information about the effective performance of safety and health activities and enable employers to take preventative action.


The US Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is seeking stakeholder input regarding the utilization of safety leading indicators and their effectiveness in managing safety and health management systems. By gathering insights about safety leading indicators from the stakeholders, the agency aims to develop a Leading Indicators Resource that can guide employers on the use of leading indicators and their integration with lagging indicators to improve safety outcomes.

Employers often rely solely on lagging indicators, such as OSHA incident rates like Days Away, Restricted or Transferred (DART) and Total Case Incident Rate (TCIR), to evaluate the success of their safety programs. While lagging indicators are important for measuring past performance, they do not provide proactive insights or preventive measures to address potential hazards before they result in incidents. Safety leading indicators, on the other hand, provide information about the effective performance of safety and health activities and enable employers to take preventative action.

Safety leading indicators can include various measures and data points that allow organizations to impact future safety outcomes while working in the present. Examples of safety leading indicators include tracking near misses, monitoring safety training attendance, conducting job safety observations, implementing risk assessments, and fostering leadership safety engagement. These indicators help identify potential weaknesses in employee protection and enable employers to address them proactively.

Employers can benefit from the use of safety leading indicators in several ways. By incorporating leading indicators into their safety and health programs, employers can reduce serious injuries, illnesses, and fatalities, as well as minimize the financial impacts associated with workplace incidents. The implementation of safety leading indicators can also help attract and retain talented workers, enhance the organization’s reputation among stakeholders, and align management practices with industry standards.

Safety Leading Indicators

To gather input from stakeholders, OSHA has posed a series of questions related to the use of leading indicators. These questions cover topics such as the current use of leading and lagging indicators, industry-specific leading indicators, metrics shared with top management, determination of indicator effectiveness, linking leading indicators to outcome data, promoting the use of leading indicators, and barriers/challenges encountered in using leading indicators.

OSHA is encouraging employers and other interested parties to provide detailed feedback and share their experiences and expertise with leading indicators. Comments and feedback can be submitted electronically at, using the docket number OSHA-2023-0006. The deadline for submissions is July 17, 2023.


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